As a result of the images obtained from the ROV vehicles, the research was deepened and the wrecks of more than 40 ships were discovered, some of which date back to a thousand years ago. The oldest of these ships was thought to belong to the Byzantine Empire in the 800s. Most of the other ships are sunken Ottoman ships from the 14th to the 19th centuries.
These ships are thought to be merchant ships that carried grain, wine, cattle, slaves, spices and different textile products from the Eastern region to the European continent. The Black Sea waters, which had been under Ottoman control for centuries, were considered an enemy sea by Europe, especially Greece. In other words, the fact that these ships of European origin were found in the Black Sea means a great discovery.
The biggest reason why the sunken Ottoman ships discovered on Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast is such a surprising discovery is that the wrecks were carefully preserved, almost down to their ropes and wood carvings.
We owe such a good preservation of the wrecks to the oxygen-free depths of the Black Sea. Under normal conditions, ships that sink into the sea and ocean rot and disappear because of the oxygen in the water. However, there is no oxygen in the Black Sea after 150 feet, that is, about 45 meters. In this way, all the wrecks found were as clean as if they were hidden in a special lantern.
One of the ships in the depths of the Black Sea was in such good condition that the two masts with petals and different ornamental carvings on its deck could be seen in all its details. Because of the petals on it, experts named this ship Black Sea Flower.
According to the estimates of experts, Black Sea Flower; Between the 17th and 19th centuries, it anchored in Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire. However, for an unknown reason, the ship sank and sank into the depths of the Black Sea. University of Connecticut’s Dr. According to Kroum Batchvarov, many of the wrecks discovered consist of Ottoman ships, just like the Black Sea Flower.
Even the mysteries of engineering marvels that inspired world exploration can be discovered thanks to more than 40 shipwrecks found in the depths of the Black Sea. Because it is known that even Marco Polo made a Black Sea tour in the 13th century. In addition, the ships of Venice and Genoa shed a lot of blood in the Black Sea to seize the trade routes.
Remotely controlled underwater vehicles called ROVs were sent to the depths of the Black Sea many times for the sunken Ottoman ships found and maybe took thousands of photos. Of course, none of the photos taken could fully reflect the reality, but luckily there was photogrammetry technology.
Photogrammetry technology measured all the images obtained, allowing the team to obtain detailed information about the surroundings of physical objects. Evaluated in the light of this information, the photographs were transformed into images that almost gave the perception of three dimensions. It would not be wrong to say that the results are extremely impressive.
The Black Sea MAP team say they will continue their research on these discoveries. The team wants these researches to inspire and participate in the Black Sea coast Georgia, Russia, Romania, Ukraine and Turkey.
Black Sea Maritime Archeology Project, in short Black Sea MAP in Turkish, also has a website where the team of the Black Sea Maritime Archeology Project shares all the details of their work. You can follow the work closely on the website you can access from here.
Unfortunately, a European-backed project team is discovering our own ships in the Black Sea, which has been our coast for thousands of years. We must be conscious of the riches our geography and history offer us, and we must protect these riches before anyone else. Sunken Ottoman ships are just one of these riches.
Scientists have come up with a new hypothesis as to why our brains began to shrink tens of thousands of years ago. According to the authors of the new study, the human brain began to shrink as our mental load decreased as we lived socially, forming societies like ants.
The human brain has experienced tremendous growth from the earliest ancestors of humans to what it is today. However, this growth has not always been the same. Tens of thousands of years ago, our brains slowly began to shrink. So far, many hypotheses have been put forward as to the reason for this. Recently, perhaps the most interesting hypothesis was presented by 3 researchers.
The hypothesis put forward by a biological anthropologist, an evolutionary neurobiologist, and a behavioral ecologist was based on the evolution of the brain of a different species. However, this species was not genetically close to us, like chimpanzees, orangutans or any other primate species. The researchers compared the human brain with the ant brain.